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Trafficking and Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh has emerged as the largest supplier of women and children for sexual exploitation (refer National human Rights Report 2001, USAID Report & National Commission for women study in 1997). These and other surveys also concluded that 25% of all trafficked victims are children. It witnesses both inter and intra state trafficking. It supplies women and girl children to different cities/towns of India for prostitution and also sends across the borders to the Middle East countries for the same. Andhra Pradesh is also a state with the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS affected and infected persons.

25-85% of women in prostitution in other cities/metros belong traditionally to Andhra Prdesh The percentage of Andhra Pradesh Girls and women in four cities : Delhi - 45%, Mumbai - 28%, Kolkota - 3%, Goa- 80%.and also Lattur, Yavatmal, Chandrapur, Bangalore, Chennai and Mahabalipuram show the extent of the trafficking from AP. It shows that there are large number of women and children trafficked into cities and towns a across the country from Andhra Pradesh. (Field studies on inter state trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation from Andhra Pradesh - A situation Report by Jose vetticatil and Sunitha Krishnan supported by CRS).

In Andhra Prdesh , Coastal regions of the state more than 26% of the women or girls entered into prostitution between the age of 14-16 years, 20% between 16-18 years and 16% before the age of 14 years. Against the widely accepted definition of a child as one below 18years of age, more that 60% of the victims are subjected to sexual exploitation as children. (Status of Sex-workers & their children in Coastal Andhra Pradesh. A recent study conducted by HELP-Ongole in AP. supported by Action Aid).

Apart from trafficking, within AP Traditional forms of prostitution are prevalent: Joginis, Mathammas (Basivi), Dommara, Kallavanthulus and Yerukalasani etc. Children and especially girls who are child laboureres or are bonded are directly at a risk of being sexually exploited.

About 70% of victims come from the Scheduled castes, and backward castes. Almost all are poor, desperately so, A sizeable number are tribals. The root causes of trafficking are multiple and complex. There are several factors responsible for child trafficking. Some are cultural and religious, while others can be traced to economic causes, especially in those resulting in the face of liberalization and globalization. Sometimes it becomes difficult to distinguish between cause and purposes of trafficking. A deep-rooted social stratification within the Indian society means that children belonging to the underprivileged sections are the most vulnerable. The impact of globalization and liberalization in increasing poverty, unemployment and forced migration, disintegration of the family, growing consumerism, trafficking has become a lucrative business. The growing commodification of women and children, makes them vulnerable to being trafficked.

Many Children are thrust into prostitution networks by their families - an unpleasant fact, but true. Not all poor parents sell off their daughters, of course; some may be victims of pimps and agents posing as grooms of employers. But many do it knowingly. A UNICEF report on child prostitution in India confirms this, stating that " family members of girls acting , independently. Execute a sizeable percentage of total trafficking operations."

A Systematic. Organised trafficking network of wealthy, experienced individuals buy, transport and sell children into prostitution. It must however be noted that trafficking is prevalent at various levels-local, inter-district, inter-state and cross-border. Inter state trafficking is smaller than local and inter-district trafficking. Cross-border trafficking from AP, mostly occur in the form of contract marriages to the Meddle East.


What N A T S A P Does?

ACTIVITIES UNDERTAKEN
ACHIEVEMENTS
Lobbying & Advocacy with Govt., and policy makers for prepare a state level policy on "State Rescue & rehabilitation policy for the girls/women in sex trafficking.

NATSAP has lobbied with govt. & policy makers to constitute a state level coordination committee on "Prostitution, Child prostitution and children of prostitutes" as directed by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, GOI

A member NGO has conducted study on inter state Trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation from Andhra Pradesh

Conducting awareness camps on CRC with the support of UNICEF, AP Alliance for child rights forum

Organised National & State level workshops /seminars on the issue of Child Trafficking, Abuse and Sexual Exploitation with the support of Action Aid , Save the Children India & NACSET.

We have conduct Media sensitization programme on against legalisation of Prostitution Policy.

We have conducted Post Card campaign to policy makers against legalisation of prostitution policy

NATSAP has collaborates with NGOs, Networks out side the state of Andhra Pradesh to repatriate, rehabitate and reintegrate rescued victims back to their native/families.

Govt. has constituted a Draft Committee for preparation of a Draft Policy. NATSAP is a member in the committee.


Govt.of A.P has constituted a Coordination Committee, chaired by The Chief Secretary to Govt.of A.P., and all Depts. Secretaries and NGOs Represents as members. NATSAP members have been appointed as NGOs contingent.

Source and Demand Areas and trafficking routes & means brought to the notice of the Govt, and world.


We would sensitize media and masses on the importance of CRC.

To establish a common platform to sharing of information and to strengthen the linkages with other NGOs/Networks.








NATSAP received 26 rescued girls from Delhi, Mumbai and Goa and successfully placed back to their homes/families.